Production and Evaluation of Biodegradable Bioplastic Pot for Planting of Fast Growing Tree

Published: Tuesday, 26 January 2016



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The expanding of agricultural activities has made an impact on the planting industries using more plastic-based polybags. According to Liu et al. (2012), the plastic material consumption worldwide especially in agricultural activities had amounted yearly up to 6.5 million tons, thus showing agricultural activities have generated wastes and issues on the polybag disposal. This disposal causes land pollution and also expensive in recycling. Hence, as the awareness heightens, green technology is implied by making biodegradable pots as the substitution for these polybags. Biodegradable pots were not produced from petroleum-based material and allowed degradation after planting in the field or place in composting operation. There are numerous types of biodegradable pot or simply called bio-pot such as peat, coconut fibre, rice hulls, poultry feather fibre, rice straw, dairy manure, or other organic components (Evan et al., 2010). As the biodegradable pots come in contact with the soil, the pots will tend to degrade by itself over time. Thus, in this study, bioplastic pots incorporated with newspaper pulp were produced as the alternative planting pots to evaluate their biodegradability rate under natural environment condition. Ref: Liu, M., Huang, Z. B., & Yang, Y. J. (2010). Analysis of biodegradability of three biodegradable mulching films. Journal Polymer Environment, 18, 148-154. Evan, R.M., Taylor, M., & Kuehny, J. (2010). Physical properties of biocontainers for greenhouse crops production. Horttechnology, 20 (3), 549-555.