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Public Awareness Survey on Natural Disaster in Lahad Datu, Sabah

Writers : Noor Farasaliza Sahkon, Ejria Saleh & Felix Tongkul

Date : 29-30 Oct 2008

Publisher : Seminar on Science and Technology 2008

Location : Labuan

Abstract :

Public awareness survey on natural disasters (storm, effect of earthquake, strong and high tidal wave) was conducted in Lahad Datu, Sabah between May to July 2008. The objective of this study is to determine the level of awareness among the local communities that lived along the coastal area of Darvel Bay on natural disaster and the importance of marine ecosystem as a natural protection for the coastal area. The study area is classified into five zones. Zone 1 – Tanjung Labian to Bakapit, Zone 2 – Lahad Datu town, Zone 3 – Silam, Zone 4 – Kunak, and Zone 5 – Pulau Sakar. 150 respondents from ten villages located near the coastline were involved in this survey. The raw data from questionnaires were transferred in SPSS Data Editor and were analyzed in SPSS 16.0 software. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed that there were no significant differences between zones regarding the awareness of the respondents with natural disaster. Over half of total respondents were concerned with changes in the marine environment. However, only about 46% showed that they were aware about the natural disasters that could occur in their villages while a minority of respondents (10%) was not worried with natural disasters effects. Zone 2 showed the highest awareness level (25%) on natural disaster effect to marine environment but poor awareness level (33%) in Zone 3. The output of this study is important for further action plan on natural disaster awareness programme in the area.