Welcome to the OER@UMS Community of Practitioners website Universiti Malaysia Sabah.  This website will be used to share information about OER and how to find, use, and create OER content for teaching & learning across all disciplines.
Allow me to briefly enlighten you concerning OER.
What are OER?
At the 2012 World OER Congress in Paris, attended by governments and educational and OER experts, the Paris OER Declaration was passed. The Declaration calls on governments worldwide to openly license publicly funded educational materials for public use. There is no one standard definition of OER. In essence, they are educational materials and resources that are offered freely, are openly available to anyone and, under some licences, allow others to reuse, adapt and redistribute them with few or no restrictions. OER can include lecture notes and slides, lesson plans, textbooks, handouts given to students, videos, online tutorials, podcasts, diagrams, entire courses, and any other material designed to be used in teaching and learning. Thus, the scale of OER can vary significantly. They can be as large as a textbook or as small as a single photograph. They can make up an entire course or curriculum or can be used to enhance existing textbooks.
What is the main difference between OER and MOOCs?
Most MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) allow users only fair-use rights, or rights stated in specific licences. Most of them cannot be legally copied, and users cannot update them or use them to create their own courses.
Creative Commons (CC) Licences
The most commonly used open licence is the Creative Commons (CC) licence (https:// They provide a simple, standardised way to give the public permission to share and use your creative work — under the conditions of your choice.